Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA)
Project Name: Enhancing coastal and marine socio-ecological resilience and biodiversity conservation in the Western Indian Ocean.
Funded by: The German International Climate Initiative (IKI) through the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).
Coordinated by: The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Covering: Mozambique and Seychelles with collaboration from Kenya and Tanzania.
Implemented in Seychelles by: Nature Seychelles
The Western Indian Ocean region lacks coherent systems of governance to support more diverse management of marine and coastal resources by local people and civil society actors. As a result, the local-level benefits from conservation are inadequately maximised, as resource users rarely play an equitable role in decision- making and responsibility for formal marine protected areas. Locally Managed Marine Areas (LMMAs) are still a relatively new concept in the region, and therefore their geographic scope is currently limited. The project will engage at multiple levels in order to establish LMMAs. The total project budget is 4.25 million Euros from the IKI fund with matching funding from implementing partners.
Co-management is included in the Protected Areas Policy of Seychelles and is enshrined in the new draft National Parks and Reserves Bill. In addition, other developments such as the establishment of PPP policy (Private and Public Partnerships) for Seychelles and co-management of fisheries around Praslin Island are all relevant. In Seychelles the project will be implemented by Nature Seychelles, an IUCN Member. The project will last for 4 years and has political support from the MEECC and the Blue Economy Department. The budget from IKI is Euros 680,000.00. With counterpart funding from Nature Seychelles and technical, and capacity building assistance from IUCN, the project will cost almost a million Euros for the Seychelles component.
The project will hire several full time technical and field staff and work with stakeholders including community members, fishers association, tourism and business partners, and government agencies in one site chosen through assessments and participatory processes. At the site level, the project will, with the collaboration of the community and others build infrastructure, such as a visitors facility and a lifeguard station, undertake conservation and restoration actions, provide training and equipment, deliver public awareness programs, support sustainable tourism and fisheries and promote sustainable funding mechanisms. At a strategic level it will: 1. assist in strengthening the enabling institutional environment through policy influencing, advocacy, awareness and capacity building at national levels, and 2. promote international inputs such as the Green List system for certification of protected areas, as well as regional collaboration.