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Conservation Boot Camp

Bootstrap your career in conservation. Whether you want to to break into conservation or bolster your experience and knowledge, join the world's first Conservation Boot Camp where you can gain a much coveted, unique and exclusive experince working in a world renowned and multiple award winning nature reserve...Read more

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Implementing the SDGs

At Nature Seychelles we are committed to working with government, development partners and donors in implementing relevant actions, in particular, looking at certain goals where we can build on our existing strengths. Read more

Seychelles Wildlife

Natural environment of the Seychelles

Seychelles is a unique environment, which sustains a very special biodiversity. It is special for a number of different reasons. These are the oldest oceanic islands to be found anywhere...

Bird Watching

Seychelles is a paradise for birdwatchers, you can easily see the unique land birds, the important sea bird colonies, and the host of migrants and vagrants. Some sea bird...

Seychelles Black Parrot

Black Parrot or Kato Nwar in Creolee is brown-grey in colour, not truly black. Many bird experts treat it as a local form of a species found in Madagascar and...

Fairy Tern

The Fairy (or white) Tern is a beautiful bird seen on all islands in Seychelles, even islands like Mahe where they are killed by introduced rats, cats and Barn Owls....

Introduced Land Birds

A little over two hundred years ago, there were no humans living permanently in Seychelles. When settlement occurred, people naturally brought with them the animals and plants they needed to...

Native Birds

Although over 190 different species of bird have been seen on or around the central islands of Seychelles (and the number is increasing all the time), many of these are...

Migrant Shore Birds

Shallow seas and estuaries are very rich in invertebrate life. Many birds feed on the worms, crabs and shellfish in these habitats; often, they have long bills for probing sand...

Seychelles Magpie Robin

The most endangered of the endemic birds, Seychelles Magpie Robin or Pi Santez in Creole, came close to extinction in the late twentieth century; in 1970 there were only about...

Seychelles Blue Pigeon

The Seychelles Blue Pigeon or Pizon Olande in Creole, spends much of its life in the canopy of trees and eats the fruits of figs, bwa dir, ylang ylang and...

Seychelles White-eye

The Seychelles White-eye or Zwazo Linet in Creole, is rare and endemic. They may sometimes be seen in gardens and forest over 300m at La Misere, Cascade and a few...

Seychelles Black Paradise Flycatcher

The Seychelles Black Paradise Flycatcher or the Vev in Creole is endemic to Seychelles, you cannot find this bird anywhere else on earth. Although it was once widespread on...

Seychelles Sunbird

The tiny sunbird or Kolibri in Creole, is one of the few endemic species that has thrived since humans arrived in the Seychelles.



  • Stopped near extinctions of birds +

    Down-listing of the critically endangered Seychelles warbler from Critically Endangered to Near Threatened. Other Seychelles birds have also been saved including the Seychelles Magpie Robin, Seychelles Fody, and the Seychelles
  • Restored whole island ecosystems +

    We transformed Cousin Island from a coconut plantation to a thriving vibrant and diverse island ecosystem. Success achieved on Cousin was replicated on other islands with similar conservation activities.
  • Championed climate change solutions +

    Nature Seychelles has risen to the climate change challenge in our region in creative ways to adapt to the inevitable changing of times.
  • Education and Awareness +

    We have been at the forefront of environmental education, particularly with schools and Wildlife clubs
  • Sustainable Tourism +

    We manage the award-winning eco-tourism programme on Cousin Island started in 1970
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UN World Habitat Day 2013: Population and Urbanization in a Small island State – The Seychelles case

victoriaContributed by Paul Chow: Seychelles is comprised of only 3 islands, out of 115, that have permanent population. These three islands are situated within a range of 30 kilometers of each other, despite our economic zone stretching over a million square kilometers of the Indian Ocean. The largest island is roughly 20 kilometers by 7 kilometers. Urbanization, therefore, has a completely different meaning for our tiny capital city, Victoria, than Nairobi for example, famous for two large townships or slums comprising of millions of formerly rural peasants, all living a miserable existence in search of a better standard of living around the city.

According to the census of 2010, the Seychelles population was 90,945 (a growth rate of 1.3%) but that included 7,798 foreigners (8.6% of the total population), a good percentage of them working in one industry (tuna processing) which is located in Victoria itself for whom accommodation have to be found.

The Census counted 79,005 people living on Mahé (87% of the total population), with 26,450 (or 29.1% of the total population) living in the Greater Victoria conurbation. The data also shows an increase in the share of the total population living in the east coast/south artery (1.1%) as well as the west coast artery (0.2%). Whereas, the proportion of the population compared to the total population living in the greater Victoria and North west coast conurbations dropped by 1.5% and 0.9% respectively compared to 2002. What would account for this seemingly suburban shift?

With 57% of the population living outside the greater Victoria catchment, it is not surprising that people movement into and out of Victoria, which is also our commercial capital, cause serious traffic problems. The census found that 25% of the population of Mahé lives between Cascade and Takamaka – that is along the east coast/south road artery; 15% between Baie Lazare and Port Glaud (the west coast road artery); and 18% live in the North West coast conurbation stretching from Beau Vallon to Bel Ombre and Glacis to Anse Etoile.

The concentration of households on Mahé exhibits some very interesting characteristics when socio-economic data is analyzed. For example, the East coast artery with 25% of the population contains just over 24% of the total number of households in the country; the West Coast with 15% of the population has just fewer than 14% of total number of households; while the North with 18% of the population has just under 19% of the country’s total number of households. The Victoria conurbation on the other hand, with 29% of the population accounts for 29% of households.

Unlike the more developed and larger economies, the housing market in Seychelles is still rudimentary. Most people would prefer to build and move into new accommodation rather than buying and moving into an existing accommodation, unless it is rental accommodation. The Census discovered that nearly 71% of households own their dwellings; 10.5% rent from the government; whereas 8.5% rent from the private sector. The most curiously interesting statistics is the percentage of households in rent-free accommodation. This is nearly 10% of the total number of households. Under these conditions population migration is virtually zero or static.

The new settlement of Ile Perseverance, although not a classic “urban sprawl”, stretches greater Victoria northwards (as the chart in the census report clearly shows, see attached PDF) but not for the reasons normally applied to voluntary migration in other countries. Ile Perseverance as a social entity did not exist nor grow out of economic self interest of its inhabitants which characterize an urban sprawl. Its population does not reflect economic migration as common in other countries where urbanization or urban sprawls have been observed. It is made up of government-built housing on land reclaimed from the sea by the government. The same can be noted of the older Roche Caiman district, which pulls Victoria southwards.

Seychelles is today considered one of the most urbanized countries in Africa. Indeed, a larger part of the urbanization has been created by the government. Decentralization and curbing urban sprawl must be one of the highest priorities for socio-economic planning in Seychelles.

Paul Chow

Download this file (546_chart from Population_and_Housing_Census_2010_Report.pdf)Chart from Population and Housing Census 2010[Chart from Population and Housing Census 2010]163 kB

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Our History

Since 1998.

Seychelles Nature, Green HealthClimate Change, Biodiversity Conservation & Sustainability Organisation

@CousinIsland Manager


Roche Caiman, Mahe

Contact Us

Centre for Environment & Education

Roche Caiman,

P.O. Box 1310, Mahe, Seychelles

Tel:+ 248 4601100

Fax: + 248 4601102